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artículo con referato
"Irreversibility in quantum maps with decoherence"
I. García-Mata, B. Casabone and D.A. Wisniacki
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 369(1935) (2011) 278-290
The Boltzmann echo (BE) is a measure of irreversibility and sensitivity to perturbations for non-isolated systems. Recently, different regimes of this quantity were described for chaotic systems. There is a perturbative regime where the BE decays with a rate given by the sum of a term depending on the accuracy with which the system is time reversed and a term depending on the coupling between the system and the environment. In addition, a parameter-independent regime, characterized by the classical Lyapunov exponent, is expected. In this paper, we study the behaviour of the BE in hyperbolic maps that are in contact with different environments. We analyse the emergence of the different regimes and show that the behaviour of the decay rate of the BE is strongly dependent on the type of environment.
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